International Review of Literary Studies https://irlsjournal.com/ojs/index.php/irls <p><strong><span style="background-color: #ffffff; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); display: inline; float: none; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,-apple-system,blinkmacsystemfont,&amp;quot;segoe ui&amp;quot;,&amp;quot;roboto&amp;quot;,&amp;quot;oxygen-sans&amp;quot;,&amp;quot;ubuntu&amp;quot;,&amp;quot;cantarell&amp;quot;,&amp;quot;helvetica neue&amp;quot;,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 25px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder;">International Review of Literary Studies (IRLS)</strong> is an International Open Access blind peer-review journal of literary studies that publishes original research articles, review papers, and book reviews, and cutting-edge research informed by Literary and Cultural Theory. IRLS is an independent quarterly journal published by MARS Publishers. IRLS provides a rapid process in publishing the submitted after a rigorous check at the editors’ desk before the double-blind peer-review process. All articles are accepted/rejected purely on the basis of parameters developed covering aim and scope, paper length, plagiarism policy, and organization of the content.</span></strong></p> en-US editor@irlsjournal.com (Muhammad Imran) editor@irlsjournal.com (Muhammad Afzaal) Tue, 14 Dec 2021 13:10:48 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Interracial/intergender versus Intra-racial/intragender Antagonism in Postcolonial Literature https://irlsjournal.com/ojs/index.php/irls/article/view/45 <p>Though postcolonial literature affirms what the oppressed have endured, not much scholarship, past or present, have addressed the infighting people of the same kind have historically and continuously engaged in. Kind, in this context, refers to people who share a homogenous religion, race, gender, class, education, and so forth.&nbsp; This paper will be a dual examination of the conflict theory with a primary focus on intra-racial and intragender hostility. This paper will suggest that though the passionate outcry and resistance regarding interracial and intergender oppression is necessary and warranted, intra-racial and intragender antagonism should also be protested with the highest tenacity.&nbsp;</p> <p>The eccentricity of this paper includes an observation and analysis of the award-winning filmmaker Spike Lee and postcolonial author Mariama Ba who have failed in emphasizing the detriments that occur as a result of infighting. Spike Lee’s films which have preceded the Black Lives Matter Movement address the plight African Americans or marginalized people experience from the dominant culture. Feminist author Mariama Ba credits patriarchy to women’s disadvantages. Nevertheless, Spike Lee and the aforementioned postcolonial novelist should also include internal strife in their discourse as well. This paper will argue that although postcolonial works are competent with their motifs regarding external oppression, there should also be an examination of intra-racial and intragender conflicts in films and other postcolonial literary selections.&nbsp;</p> Mariot Valcin Copyright (c) 2021 International Review of Literary Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://irlsjournal.com/ojs/index.php/irls/article/view/45 Tue, 14 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Understanding Don Quixote as a parody of Chivalric Romances by analyzing the historical significance, transference, intertextualities, and the emergence of newer sensibilities in Renaissance. https://irlsjournal.com/ojs/index.php/irls/article/view/46 <p>Quixotic desires mean a displaced desire which never attains what it thrives for. However, this paper would show how this very displacement showed the inadequacies in the genre of chivalric romances and hint at the birth of newer sensibilities. The paper wishes to critically analyze&nbsp;‘<em>Don Quixote’</em><em>&nbsp;</em>as a parody of chivalric romances and the first step towards anticipating the gradual procurement of novel as a critical literary tradition. It would also locate the renaissance as an important period in literary history and understand its sensibilities, gradual shift, and transferences from the theocentric chivalric romances in the medieval period to the anthropocentric and individualistic worldviews. This would be done by using the literary tools of narrative mode in Comparative Literature. The paper would situate&nbsp;‘<em>Don Quixote’</em>&nbsp;on&nbsp;a specific historical background to understand it as a bearer of newer sensibilities in extending the cultural lines with&nbsp;multiple narratorial discourses and inter-textualities. The multiple paradoxes, ambiguities will be looked at by understanding the act of ‘reading’ as a critical but complicated discourse. The paper also wishes to look at the rising role of translation as an important mediator within the text which bifurcated the concept of ‘truth claiming' of the original text.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: genre, transference, literary tools, renaissance, newer sensibilities, truth-claiming</p> Sneha Chakraborty Copyright (c) 2021 International Review of Literary Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://irlsjournal.com/ojs/index.php/irls/article/view/46 Tue, 14 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The REPRESENTATION OF MUSLIM IDENTITY IN DIASPORA IN POST 9/11: A STUDY OF MONICA ALI’S BRICK LANE (2003) https://irlsjournal.com/ojs/index.php/irls/article/view/47 <p><em>Monica Ali's Brick Lane elaborates how Bangladeshi Muslim immigrants live in Brick Lane, London—as a multicultural place/city. The novel Brick Lane is a discussion of knowing the meaning of ‘representation', and narrative styles, the impacts of host culture on immigrants and diaspora journey, and representation of how distinguishes a—self as a Bangladeshi Muslim Bengali identity and other as a Muslim diaspora identity. Ali’s Muslim diaspora representation coping up with Nazneen's struggle demonstrates the question of representation, identity crisis, and diaspora journey as a Muslim protagonist.</em></p> Shafinur Nahar, Dr. Morve Copyright (c) 2021 International Review of Literary Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://irlsjournal.com/ojs/index.php/irls/article/view/47 Tue, 14 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000